Xizhimen is in western central Beijing. The Xizhimen area describes a part of the city centred on Xizhimen Bridge with a radius of approximately 1 km.
Xizhimen served previously as a Beijing city gate. Originally, it was named Heyimen in the Yuan Dynasty; only in the Ming Dynasty was it called Xizhimen.
Xizhimen Gate's importance was second only to Zhengyangmen.
The city gate was demolished in 1969. The gate formerly was the entrance of drinking water for the Emperor, coming from the Jade Spring Hills to the west of Beijing. It thus earned a previous alias -- "Water Gate" (水门).
The Beijing Metro network has a node stop at Xizhimen, where Lines 2 and 13 connect. Line 13 has its western terminus at Xizhimen. Line 4 will also have a stop at Xizhimen.
The Beijing North Railway Station is in the Xizhimen area.
- Main article: Xizhimen Bridge
A bridge is named after the region (Xizhimen Bridge). The bridge has a northern connection bridge built in the late 1970s. It will be removed and be replaced soon. The main Xizhimen Bridge, built also in the 1970s, once stood a rather frightening 5.5 m (it was then, and still is now, for the record, the tallest bridge on the 2nd Ring Road) and had three layers, with the top layer acting as a roundabout. Demolition of the old central bridge took place in 1999 by means of structural removal instead of a major bridge explosion. It was replaced with a series of new bridges which bear no resemblance to the old bridge. wellcome to BeiJing !! http://www.citymetro.com.cn